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vi Editor



vi is a full-screen text editor for Unix/Linux operating systems. 


Modes

vi has two modes of operation:

  • command mode (normal)
  • insert mode

12 Commands

  • Cursor Movement
    • arrow keys (up, down, left, right)

  • Common Commands
    • x - delete character under cursor
    • u - undo last command
    • /string - find character string

  • Ending Edit Session
    • :wq - save changes and quit
    • :q! - quit without saving changes

  • Switch from Command Mode to Insert Mode
    • i - insert to the left of the cursor
    • a - insert after the cursor

  • Switch from Insert Mode to Command Mode
    • <Esc>


Copy and Paste from a Web Page

To copy text directly from a web page into a file named filename use the following commands:

  1. Copy from the selected part into the clipboard using the mouse or <Ctrl>c
  2. Start vi: vi filename<Enter>
  3. Switch to insert mode: i
  4. Paste from the clipboard using the mouse or <Ctrl>v
  5. Switch to command mode: <Esc>
  6. Save and quit: :wq<Enter>

Other Useful Commands

  • Navigation
    • #G - go to line number # (default is the last line)
    • <Ctrl>f - move forward to the next screen
    • <Ctrl>b - move backward to the previous screen
  • Copy and Paste
    • yw - copy from the cursor to the end of word (copies to buffer)
    • yy - copy the current line (copies to buffer)
    • p - paste buffer contents after (or below) the cursor
    • P - paste buffer contents before (or above) the cursor
  • Delete
    • dw - delete from the cursor to the end of word (copies to buffer)
    • dd - delete the current line (copies to buffer)
  • Editing
    • o - open a new line below the cursor
    • O - open a new line above the cursor
    • r - replace character under cursor (eg. rw)
  • Others
    • . - repeat the last command that changed the file
    • n - repeat the last /string (find) command
    • J - join current and following line
  • Most commands can be preceded by number of repetitions (eg. 27dd)